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Do Farm Trucks Need Inspection?

Written by Nick Webster

Published on Aug. 15, 2023, 11 a.m.


Do Farm Trucks Need to be Inspected and Certified Annually to Ensure their Safe Operation?

As the demand for locally sourced and farm-fresh products continues to rise, so does the necessity for transporting goods from farms to markets. An essential player in this logistical dance is the farm truck, a vehicle often underestimated in the sphere of commercial transportation.

One of the most common questions posed by individuals in the agricultural industry pertains to the regulations governing these farm trucks: Do farm trucks need inspection? To adequately respond, we need to dive into the commercial truck driving rules and regulations as set by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) and the Department of Transportation (DOT).

What Constitutes a Farm Truck?

Before delving into the regulatory requirements, it's crucial to define what exactly a farm truck is. Want to know about Farm Exemption. A farm truck, according to the FMCSA and DOT, is typically used for transporting agricultural products, farm machinery, or farm supplies to or from a farm. These trucks are not used in the operations of a common or contract motor carrier and are used within a radius determined by the relevant state's rules, typically 150 miles. Often, these trucks are owned and operated by farmers or farm workers themselves.

Do All Trucks Need to Be Inspected?

In general, commercial trucks are subject to rigorous safety standards and inspections set by the FMCSA and DOT. The main goal of these inspections is to ensure the safety of the driver, the goods being transported, and other road users. The requirements for these inspections cover everything from the condition of the vehicle’s brakes, lights, and tires, to the cargo being secured properly. Read about Texas DOT Numbers. However, does the same apply to farm trucks?

Are Farm Trucks Subject to the Same Regulations as Commercial Trucks?

Farm trucks, due to their unique role and limited range of operation, are granted certain exemptions from the rules that apply to commercial trucks. What is DOT SAP Program? However, this doesn't mean that farm trucks are entirely excluded from regulation. In fact, the rules can vary significantly depending on factors like the truck's weight, the distance it travels from the farm, and the type of goods it's transporting.

The FMCSA has stipulated a set of regulations in 49 CFR 390.5 that explicitly describe the conditions under which farm trucks are exempt from certain commercial vehicle regulations. The exemptions are primarily based on the idea that farm trucks are generally used in the close vicinity of their farms, driven by the farmers themselves, and aren't part of a larger commercial operation.

What is the 'Covered Farm Vehicle' Exemption?

A key term in this discussion is the "covered farm vehicle" (CFV) exemption. This FMCSA exemption applies to certain farm vehicles, depending on the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) and distance from the farm. Want to know about USDOT number. Trucks that qualify for this exemption are not subject to certain federal regulations, including the typical vehicle inspection rules that apply to commercial trucks.

For a farm truck to be designated as a CFV, it must meet the following criteria:

  • Get used for transporting agricultural items/goods, animals, machinery, or other forms of supplies to or from the farm.
  • Not be used in for-hire motor carrier operations, except for farm-related and farm-boosting operations.
  • Be used by farmers, family members, or employees of the farmer.
  • Not be used in operations that involve the transportation of hazardous materials that require a placard.

This exemption grants leeway for farm trucks in terms of Hours of Service regulations, commercial driver’s license requirements, and, indeed, vehicle inspection regulations. However, this does not absolve farm truck operators from ensuring their vehicles are safe and roadworthy.

State-Level Farm Truck Regulations

At the state level, regulations pertaining to farm trucks may vary, as certain states may have their own regulations that supplement or replace federal guidelines. What is DOT Clearinghouse Enforcement? Consequently, whether or not farm trucks require inspections can be contingent upon the specific rules established by each state.

While the federal CFV exemption provides a general guideline, it's always important for farmers and farm truck operators to understand and comply with their specific state’s laws regarding vehicle safety, inspections, and roadworthiness. Some states might require regular safety inspections of all vehicles, including farm trucks, while others might offer more extensive exemptions for farm vehicles.

Ensuring Road Safety Regardless of Exemptions

Whether or not inspections are mandated by law, it is imperative for the safety of all road users that every vehicle, including farm trucks, is maintained in good working condition. Even if an official inspection isn't required, farmers should regularly perform informal checks on their trucks to ensure everything is functioning properly. Know about the DOT Authority Package. This includes checking the condition of the brakes, tires, lights, mirrors, windscreen wipers, and ensuring that the cargo is properly secured.

While exemptions might lessen the burden of regulatory compliance, they do not diminish the responsibility of the vehicle operator to ensure the safety of themselves, their cargo, and others on the road. know do I need an MC Number? The importance of regular maintenance and the upkeep of farm trucks cannot be overstated.

Understanding the Nuances of Farm Truck Regulations

The covered farm vehicle (CFV) exemption can be a valuable allowance for many farmers, but it's essential to understand its limitations and specific requirements. The FMCSA has several guidelines that need to be adhered to in order to qualify for this exemption.

One important stipulation is the truck’s Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR). Depending on the size and weight of the vehicle, the exemption may apply differently. For example, trucks that have a GVWR of less than 26,001 pounds can take advantage of the CFV exemption, irrespective of how far they are from their farm. want to know who needs an MC Number? On the other hand, trucks with a GVWR of more than 26,001 pounds can only claim the exemption if they are operated within the state or within a 150-air-mile radius of their farm.

Another critical factor is the cargo that the truck carries. For instance, transporting hazardous materials requiring placards disqualifies a farm truck from the CFV exemption. This is due to the heightened risk such materials pose to the roadways and the population.

Considering the Influence of Technology

As technology continues to advance, there may be new ways in which farmers can ensure their trucks remain roadworthy. Tools and services, such as fleet management systems and predictive maintenance technology, can help to monitor vehicle condition and provide alerts when certain components may need attention. Although primarily used in larger commercial operations, these innovations could be beneficial in the agricultural sector as well.

How the Future May Influence Farm Truck Regulations

Looking ahead, it's clear that changes in technology, environmental concerns, and road safety could potentially influence the regulatory landscape for farm trucks. As we've seen in other sectors, innovations like electric vehicles and autonomous driving technologies may soon start to play a larger role in the agricultural sector as well.

For instance, the advent of electric trucks could change the way we approach regulatory requirements and exemptions. As these vehicles become more commonplace, the FMCSA and DOT may need to adjust their rules to account for the unique safety, maintenance, and operational characteristics of electric vehicles. This, in turn, could affect how and when farm trucks require inspections.

Additionally, if autonomous driving technology starts to be utilized in farm trucks, this could also impact regulations. Autonomous vehicles have their own unique set of safety considerations that will likely necessitate adjustments to existing rules.

The Importance of Staying Informed

As rules and regulations can change over time, it's crucial for farm truck operators to stay informed about the latest changes in both federal and state laws. How To Request the DOT PIN Number? The FMCSA and DOT regularly update their rules and regulations in response to new research, safety data, and changes in the transportation industry.

Keeping abreast of the latest updates can ensure that operators are always in compliance with the law. Operators can do this by regularly checking the FMCSA and DOT websites, subscribing to newsletters and updates, and participating in industry associations that provide information on regulatory changes.


Given the intricacies of both federal and state regulations concerning farm trucks, a comprehensive understanding of the rules is crucial for farmers and truck operators. With exemptions such as the CFV, certain requirements for inspections may be waived under specific circumstances. Want to know about IRP registration. However, the ultimate responsibility lies with the farmers to ensure the safety and roadworthiness of their trucks, regardless of whether a formal inspection is legally required or not.

In navigating this regulatory landscape, farmers should remember the essential purpose behind these laws: ensuring the safety of our roads for all users.

Regardless of whether inspections are legally required, it is important to prioritize regular maintenance, prompt repairs, and vigilant monitoring of the vehicle's condition. While the question of whether farm trucks need inspections may not have a straightforward answer, it is evident that ensuring safety and compliance with both federal and state regulations should be a top priority for all individuals involved in this industry. By comprehending and adhering to these regulations, farmers can maintain effective, efficient, and secure transportation of their goods.

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