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DOT Physical Requirements

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Published on April 26, 2023, 7:20 a.m.


Here are the basics when it comes to DOT physical requirements:

  • With or without corrective lenses, you must pass the vision test with at least 20/40 in each eye.
  • Must have hearing ability to detect a forced whisper voice at not less than 5 feet with both ears. Read here aboutHow to Pass Your DOT Physical 15 Top Tips for Truckers.
  • Blood pressure must be within an acceptable range (no greater than 140/90)
  • Cardiovascular fitness must be able to complete the Physical Performance Evaluation Form with no limitations
  • Must not possess any mental or physical conditions that could limit the individual’s ability to operate a motor vehicle safely
  • Certification by a doctor of medicine must be obtained before issuing or renewing a driver's license. What isAll About DOT Physicals?
  • The certification should state whether the individual is physically fit to drive, and if there are any restrictions on driving.


To drive a commercial motor vehicle (CMV) in the United States, you must pass a physical exam that meets the standards set by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), which is an official extension of the United States DOT: Department of Transportation. This examination can only be conducted by a certified medical examiner. Ensure that you are physically fit to operate a CMV by getting your DOT physical today! How Long is a DOT Physical?

Getting a Commercial Driver's License (CDL) is a must to become a commercial driver. As per the Department of Transportation, completing the CDL training and passing the mandatory DOT physical is necessary for you to be fit enough to operate large vehicles like tankers, trucks, buses, and limos. To ensure that your body can handle this type of work, you must get acquainted with the requirements and find a medical examiner near you who can administer the DOT exam. What isDOT Physical: Diabetes

What Is the DOT Physical Exam?

A DOT physical examination must be carried out by a certified medical examiner, who may include doctors of medicine (MDs), doctors of osteopathy (DOs), physician assistants (PAs), advanced practice nurses (APNs), and doctors of chiropractic (DCs). The certificate issued is valid for up to 24 months or less in some cases where monitoring a condition such as high blood pressure is deemed necessary. Thus, the DOT physical serves an important purpose in ensuring road safety. What areDOT Physical Diabetes Requirements?

What Are the Basic Requirements of the DOT Physical?

The DOT Physical is a vital requirement for any Commercial Driver's License holder. It is an important safeguard, ensuring the safety of the CDL driver and other motorists sharing the road with them. Taking this exam is an essential step towards becoming a successful commercial driver. By undergoing these tests regularly, drivers can maintain their eligibility to operate large vehicles and help make our roads safer for everyone. ​What areDiabetes Requirements for DOT Physical Exams?

Department of Transportation officials mandate that all CDL drivers receive regular physical examinations from an approved DOT medical examiner. These exams are designed to identify any pre-existing medical conditions that could potentially impair a driver's ability to operate a commercial motor vehicle safely. Ensuring the health and safety of our nation's roads is the top priority, and these exams help us achieve that goal. Do They Drug Test for the DOT Physical?

A valid DOT Medical Card, also known as a medical examiner's certificate, is essential for CDL drivers in most states. Without it, prospective CDL drivers won't be able to obtain their learner's permit. It proves the driver has passed all necessary medical criteria for a CDL. Get your DOT Medical Card before applying for your learner's permit. Must visitHow to Renew a DOT Physical .

What Are the Most Basic DOT Medical Requirements?

Holders of a commercial driver's license must have vision that can be corrected to at least 20/40 with corrective lenses such as glasses or contacts. Drivers cannot be insulin-dependent diabetics and must have a blood pressure of 140/90 or less to receive their 24-month DOT Medical Certificate. Diabetes controlled by diet alone may be permissible. What Will Make You Fail a DOT Physical?

Your blood sugar level must stay below 200 to pass the DOT physical. Using any narcotic or habit-forming drugs will mean you won't be eligible for certification. If you are diagnosed with cardiovascular disease or cardiac issues, your doctor must provide additional information for review. Learn here:How Much Are DOT Physicals?

For blood pressure standards, a certificate valid for 12 months is issued when levels are between 140-159/90-99. A 3-month temporary certificate is given with readings of 160-179/100-109; anything over 180/110 results in disqualification from the DOT physical. In some cases, prescription medication may be used to help control one's blood pressure. DOT Physical BP Requirements.

Does a DOT Physical Include a Urine Test?

You will provide a urine sample for urinalysis at your DOT physical exam. This testing can help identify potential health issues like kidney disease or diabetes mellitus. Your sample is not intended to be used for drug testing; that process only occurs with the specific request of your employer. Filed out by all employees who drive for you to work. Also, take a look atDOT Physical Blood Pressure Regulations.

What Should I Bring to My DOT Physical?

You must bring a list of your current doctors and medications to your appointment and any relevant medical history. Additionally, please remember to wear any hearing devices, such as a hearing aid or prescription glasses, or contact lenses, that you may need during the exam. Coming prepared with this information will help reduce the time spent in the examination room and ensure an efficient examination process. Learn About FMCSA Registration

What Must I Disclose in My DOT Exam?

It is important to disclose any medical conditions and medications you take when visiting the doctor for a DOT medical exam. Not informing your healthcare provider of this information can result in being unable to obtain a DOT medical card and facing fines. Ensure you provide your doctor with all the necessary details before starting the exam. What is the UCR program?

What If I’m Taking Blood Pressure Medicine?

It is essential to keep your blood pressure within the safe range of less than 140/90 mm Hg when undergoing a DOT exam. Having documentation from your doctor that you are receiving treatment for hypertension and that the medication is working can be beneficial in ensuring a successful outcome.

If your blood pressure rises above this limit, it may affect the results of your DOT exam. Therefore, it's essential to ensure that you are taking measures to maintain healthy blood pressure levels before undertaking a DOT examination. Doing so will help ensure a positive outcome and potentially expedite the process.

Can I Wear My Contact Lenses During the Vision Test?

If you wear corrective lenses, taking the DOT exam with them is permissible. By doing so, your doctor can ensure that your glasses or contact lenses are up-to-date and correct any vision issues you may have. This allows them to make sure you can see clearly during the test.How To Lower Blood Pressure Before DOT Physical.

What Is the FMCSA Recordkeeping Policy?

If the DOT medical examiner determines that an individual is medically fit to operate a commercial motor vehicle, they will provide one copy of the results to the person who was examined and fill out a Medical Examiner's Certificate. This certificate confirms that the person in question is physically qualified to drive a CMV. DOT Physical Urine Test.

    Summary: What Are the Main Requirements of the DOT Physical?

    • Must be between the ages of 18 and 75
    • Be in good general health
    • Have 20/40 vision, or corrected to 20/40 with glasses or contacts
    • Not have any medical conditions that are likely to interfere with the safe operation of a motor vehicle
    • Have no history of alcohol abuse within the past five years
    • Have no history of drug abuse within the past three years
    • Have an up-to-date driver’s license and pass the Department of Transportation physical exam.
    • The exam includes a complete physical examination, eye test, hearing test, and drug screening.
    • A physician must certify that you are physically and mentally fit enough to drive commercial vehicles safely.
    • You may need to provide additional documentation.
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