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Who Needs IRP Registration?

Written by Nick Webster

Published on June 26, 2023, 11 a.m.


Here is key information who needs IRP registration:

  • Companies that own and operate commercial vehicles with a gross vehicle weight (GVW) or combined GVW of 10,001 lbs. or more.
  • Non-resident companies that are required to travel across state lines in order to conduct business.
  • Motor carrier companies that use rental trucks and trailers to transport goods within the US.
  • Any motor carrier transporting hazardous materials which require placarding either throughout the US or interstate commerce.
  • Some self-employed individuals who use their personal vehicle for commercial purposes, such as Lyft or Uber drivers, delivery drivers, etc.
  • Motor carriers who hire owner/operators and issue 1099s instead of W2s for payment.


The trucking industry is laden with numerous regulations designed to ensure the smooth operation of interstate and international commerce. What Are IRP and Apportioned Registration? One such requirement, vital for commercial trucking companies operating across different jurisdictions within the United States and Canada, is the International Registration Plan (IRP). This article aims to provide a detailed understanding of the IRP, who requires it, and the registration process.

What Is IRP?

IRP is an agreement among all U.S. states (except for Alaska and Hawaii), the District of Columbia, and ten provinces in Canada. The primary goal of the IRP is to facilitate the collection and distribution of registration fees for commercial motor vehicles (CMV) that traverse multiple jurisdictions. irp renewal. IRP serves to streamline operations for interstate trucking companies by allowing them to stay compliant with each jurisdiction's regulations without needing separate registrations.

Who Needs To Register for IRP?

The obligation to register under the International Registration Plan (IRP) hinges primarily on whether the vehicle in question falls within the IRP's definition of a 'qualified motor vehicle.' As per IRP stipulations, a 'qualified motor vehicle refers to any vehicle used, designed, or maintained for the purpose of transporting people or goods and that meets any of the following criteria:

  • It possesses two axles and has a gross vehicle weight or registered gross vehicle weight that exceeds 26,000 pounds or 11,797 kilograms;
  • It has three or more axles, regardless of the weight; or
  • It is utilized in a combination where the combined weight surpasses 26,000 pounds, or 11,797 kilograms gross vehicle or registered gross vehicle weight.

Notwithstanding these guidelines, the IRP does provide exceptions for certain types of vehicles. Read here about Starting a Trucking Company Correctly. Recreational vehicles, including motor homes and pickup trucks with attached campers, as well as vehicles displaying restricted plates, are not required to register under the IRP.

Interstate carriers, commercial vehicles, apportioned registration.

How Does IRP Registration Work?

Registering under the IRP involves a process that varies slightly by state, but it generally requires submitting an application to the appropriate department or agency in the base jurisdiction. know more about ifta and irp services. This application should include detailed information about the vehicle, such as its make, model, year, Vehicle Identification Number (VIN), and purchase price.

Furthermore, carriers need to provide proof of residency or established place of business, proof of payment of Heavy Vehicle Use Tax (HVUT), and evidence of current liability insurance.

Once the application is processed and approved, the carrier receives an IRP cab card that lists all the jurisdictions where the carrier is authorized to travel. Know more about The Basics of Farm Exemptions . This card must be present in the vehicle at all times. The registration is valid for a year, after which it must be renewed.

What Are the Benefits of Registering for IRP?

Registration under the IRP offers numerous benefits for motor carriers. Know what is DOT SAP Program? Firstly, it significantly reduces the administrative burden of having to register separately in each jurisdiction. Secondly, the IRP ensures fair practices by distributing the collected fees to each jurisdiction based on the proportion of total distance operated within each jurisdiction.

Is IRP or IFTA Registration for Apportioned Plates?

The International Registration Plan (IRP) and the International Fuel Tax Agreement (IFTA) are two distinct systems that serve different but complementary functions within the commercial trucking industry. what is the registration number for IRP. Both are crucial to the operation of commercial vehicles across various jurisdictions, but they address separate aspects of interstate and international transportation.

IRP facilitates the registration of commercial vehicles that operate in multiple jurisdictions. Its primary goal is to ensure that each U.S. state or Canadian province receives its fair share of registration fees based on the proportion of total distance each vehicle travels within each jurisdiction. How To Request the DOT PIN Number? In other words, the registration fees paid by a carrier are apportioned among the jurisdictions where the carrier operates, according to the mileage driven in each. It's under the IRP that apportioned plates are issued. irp renewal. These plates signify that the vehicle is registered in multiple jurisdictions and that the carrier has fulfilled its registration obligations under the IRP.

On the other hand, IFTA focuses on the taxation of fuel used in commercial motor vehicles. It simplifies the reporting and payment of fuel taxes by carriers that operate in multiple jurisdictions. Visit & know about DOT Authority Package, While it doesn't deal directly with vehicle registration or apportioned plates, IFTA works in parallel with the IRP to ensure that carriers meet their tax obligations in each jurisdiction where they consume fuel.

In conclusion, while both the IRP and IFTA are integral to the operation of commercial vehicles across multiple jurisdictions, only the IRP is directly related to the issuance of apportioned plates. IFTA, meanwhile, addresses fuel tax reporting and payment. il truck registration renewal due date irp. Both systems, however, contribute significantly to the efficiency and compliance of interstate and international commercial transportation.

fleet operations, regulatory compliance.

What Are Apportioned Plates in Commercial Trucking?

In the realm of commercial trucking, apportioned plates play a crucial role, especially when it comes to interstate and international transportation. Tips to prepare for 2023 DOT Week filings in minutes, These plates are part of a licensing agreement under the International Registration Plan (IRP), a cooperative agreement between the 48 contiguous United States and 10 Canadian provinces. what is the difference between irp and ifta. Essentially, apportioned plates enable commercial vehicles to operate across various jurisdictions with a single license plate and registration.

To be more specific, an apportioned plate signifies that the commercial vehicle's registration fees have been distributed among the various states and provinces where the vehicle is authorized to operate. This distribution is based on the proportion of total miles the vehicle is expected to travel in each jurisdiction. As a result, trucking companies or independent operators do not need to maintain separate registrations for each state or province they traverse. Instead, they receive a single apportioned plate and cab card that lists all jurisdictions in which they are registered to operate.

Apportioned plates through IRP registration bring efficiency and convenience to the commercial trucking industry. what is irp in trucking? Not only do they simplify the administrative process of registering in multiple jurisdictions, but they also make it easier for law enforcement agencies to verify a vehicle's registration status. For truck drivers and companies, having an apportioned plate saves them from the burden of managing multiple license plates and registrations.

How (and Why) Did the International Registration Plan Go Into Effect?

The International Registration Plan (IRP) was the result of years of negotiation and collaboration between U.S. states and Canadian provinces, each striving to simplify the process of interstate and international trucking. The conception of IRP was rooted in the need to streamline commercial vehicle registration across different jurisdictions.

Prior to the IRP, truckers had to register their vehicles in every state they operated in, which was a cumbersome and time-consuming process. Must visit & know about FMCSA Hours of Service Suspended This led to the emergence of a collective effort to create a system that would allow for a single registration to be valid across multiple jurisdictions.

IRP officially came into effect in 1973 with an agreement between member jurisdictions in the United States and Canada. Its introduction marked a significant turning point in the trucking industry, providing a much-needed simplification of the registration process.

The IRP has since been adopted by all 48 contiguous U.S. states and 10 Canadian provinces, serving as a testament to its effectiveness and the tangible benefits it provides to the trucking industry. With the IRP, carriers can now report and pay their registration fees to a single 'base jurisdiction,' which then appropriately distributes the fees among all other jurisdictions in which the carrier operates.


In conclusion, IRP plays a critical role in the regulations for commercial motor carriers that operate across multiple jurisdictions in the U.S. and Canada. Do you want to know about motor carrier authority Obtaining IRP registration allows trucking companies to ensure compliance, streamline their operations, and focus on their primary task – delivering their cargo safely and efficiently.

The trucking industry is the lifeblood of the U.S. economy. Understanding the intricacies of regulations like the IRP is vital in ensuring that the wheels of commerce keep turning. How to get Oregon Trip And Fuel Permit? If you operate within this industry, ensure you are well-versed with all necessary requirements, including IRP registration. After all, an informed carrier is a successful carrier, and in the fast-paced world of trucking, staying ahead of the curve is not just beneficial – it's essential.

Summary: Who Needs IRP Registration?

  • All interstate carriers operating trucks that have a gross vehicle weight of 55,000 pounds or more must register with the International Registration Plan (IRP).
  • Some intrastate carriers might need to register for IRP if they cross state lines and their vehicles meet the same criteria.
  • The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) requires all trucking companies that cross state lines to register with the IRP to ensure compliance with regulations related to licensure, fees, and taxes.
  • The IRP also provides reciprocity between different states so that commercial motor vehicles can travel in multiple states without having to purchase multiple licenses.
  • Carriers are required to renew their registration annually and submit proof of insurance coverage.

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