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What Is IRP ?

Written by Nick Webster

Published on Feb. 9, 2024, 10:55 a.m.


What is IRP?” is a crucial question in the trucking industry. Let’s get it answered now:

  • International Fuel Tax Agreement (IFTA) is an agreement between the United States and Canadian provinces that simplifies the process of collecting taxes on fuel used by interstate trucking companies.
  • IRP stands for International Registration Plan, which is a program administered by each state that regulates commercial vehicle registrations across multiple jurisdictions.
  • The goal of IRP is to ensure that carriers operating in more than one jurisdiction pay their fair share of registration fees and fuel taxes based on the miles travelled in each state or province.
  • It requires motor carriers to register all vehicles with participating states/provinces before they can operate in those areas and to purchase apportioned license plates for all qualified vehicles.


The trucking industry is layered with numerous regulatory standards and requirements, one of which is the International Registration Plan, or IRP. Know what is IRP? The IRP plays a pivotal role for those whose operations extend across multiple jurisdictions. This article aims to demystify the IRP, explaining what it is, who it impacts, and how it operates within the trucking industry.

What Is IRP?

The International Registration Plan (IRP) is an agreement among the 48 contiguous U.S. states, the District of Columbia, and 10 provinces in Canada. The Basics of Farm Exemptions. The IRP facilitates the collection and distribution of registration fees for commercial motor vehicles that travel between two or more jurisdictions.

In essence, the IRP allows for the payment of vehicle registration fees on the basis of total distance operated in all jurisdictions. what is the purpose irp and ifta. This makes it easier for trucking companies and owner-operators to manage their operations across multiple jurisdictions without having to deal with individual registration processes in each.

Who is Impacted by IRP?

The International Registration Plan (IRP) applies to commercial vehicles that meet the following criteria:

  • The vehicle is engaged in the transportation of goods or passengers.
  • The vehicle possesses two axles and has a gross vehicle weight or registered gross vehicle weight that surpasses 26,000 pounds, or
  • The vehicle is equipped with three or more axles, regardless of its weight, or
  • When used in a combination, the total weight of the setup exceeds a gross vehicle weight of 26,000 pounds.

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How Does IRP Work?

To operate under the IRP, you need to register in your base jurisdiction, which is typically the state or province where your vehicle is registered, where your operational records are maintained, and where some travel occurs. Visit & know DOT Authority Package. Once registered, you receive an apportioned plate and cab card that lists the jurisdictions you have paid for.

The fees you pay are based on the percentage of total miles your fleet operates in each jurisdiction. where do irp registration fees go? The goal is for each jurisdiction to receive its share of registration fees based on the proportion of total distance your vehicles travel within it.

What is the Importance of the IRP in Trucking?

The IRP simplifies the registration process for those operating in multiple jurisdictions. Instead of having to deal with different registration rules and processes in each state or province, you only need to register in your base jurisdiction. Tips to prepare for 2023 DOT Week filings in minutes. How to get Oregon Trip And Fuel Permit? This makes managing registrations easier and more efficient.

Understanding IRP Reporting

Compliance with the IRP requires accurate record-keeping and reporting:

  • Record-Keeping: You must maintain detailed distance records, including Individual Vehicle Distance Records (IVDRs) and operational records like fuel receipts, trip permits, and logs.
  • Reporting: Each year, you need to report the total distance traveled in all jurisdictions during the preceding year (the "reporting period"). Read here about Starting a Trucking Company Correctly. This is used to calculate the fees you owe.
  • Renewing Registration: You must renew your IRP registration annually, which involves paying the apportioned registration fees based on your reported distance.

Challenges and Solutions with IRP Reporting

While the IRP simplifies multi-jurisdiction registration, it can still be complex. Here are some challenges and solutions:

  • Maintaining Records: Keeping accurate, detailed records can be time-consuming. However, using automated systems or software can help streamline this process.
  • Understanding IRP Rules: IRP rules can be complex, especially for new trucking businesses. Read here about DOT Authority Package, Regularly reviewing the IRP website, participating in IRP webinars or workshops, and consulting with a transportation compliance professional can help.

What Are Apportioned Plates?

Apportioned plates are special license plates that are issued by states to interstate commercial vehicles. The purpose of these plates is to help ensure that state governments receive the revenue they need from taxes imposed on motor vehicle carriers. what is irp number in trucking. Apportioned plates are typically only available for commercial vehicles, such as semi-trucks, busses, and other large-scale transportation vehicles.

These plates are not transferable between states and must be renewed each year with an updated registration fee. In order to obtain apportioned plates, a carrier must demonstrate proof of financial responsibility in order to register their vehicle in multiple jurisdictions. irp services near me. By registering with apportioned plates, carriers can avoid paying separate fees in each state they travel through when crossing state lines.

Navigating the IRP Audit

Like many regulatory frameworks, the IRP requires audits to ensure compliance. An IRP audit is a comprehensive review of your IRP records by your base jurisdiction to verify accuracy and compliance with the IRP's requirements.

During an audit, the auditor will typically examine your distance records, including Individual Vehicle Distance Records (IVDRs) and any supporting documentation like fuel receipts, toll receipts, and driver logs. Do you know what is DOT SAP Program? The auditor may also review your operational records, such as dispatch records, freight bills, and trip reports.

If discrepancies are found during the audit, you may be subject to penalties, additional fees, or changes to your apportioned registration fees. drive truck without irp registration. Therefore, it's crucial to maintain accurate and complete records and to understand the IRP's requirements.

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How to Simplify IRP Compliance

While the IRP can seem overwhelming, several strategies can help simplify compliance:

  • Leverage Technology: There are various software solutions and apps available that can automatically track your mileage, maintain records, calculate apportioned fees, and even help with the IRP reporting process.
  • Stay Organized: Implement a system for organizing and storing your records. This could be as simple as dedicated folders or binders for each vehicle, or a digital filing system.
  • Stay Informed: Regularly check the IRP website, subscribe to IRP newsletters, and participate in IRP webinars to stay updated on changes to the IRP, reporting deadlines, and other important information.
  • Consult with a Professional: If you're new to the trucking industry or the IRP, consider consulting with a transportation compliance professional. know what is irp in trucking. They can guide you through the IRP registration and reporting process, help you understand your obligations, and provide advice on maintaining compliance.


The IRP is a key component of the trucking industry, enabling businesses to operate more efficiently across multiple jurisdictions. You want to know How To Request the DOT PIN Number? While it comes with its own set of challenges, understanding the IRP's workings and leveraging available resources can help simplify compliance.

Summary: What Is IRP in the US Trucking Industry?

  • IRP stands for International Registration Plan.
  • It is an apportionment registration agreement among states in the US and Canada, used by companies that operate commercial motor vehicles (trucks) in multiple jurisdictions.
  • It allows trucking companies to pay their license fees based on the ratio of miles driven in each state.
  • To register with IRP, a company must first obtain its base jurisdiction; this means registering with the state where the trucking business is located, as well as providing proof of insurance.
  • After obtaining a base jurisdiction, the company must then apply to other states or Canadian provinces where it operates trucks in order to receive appropriate licensing credentials.

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